Detach from the struggles of your own lower and higher self…free yourself of fear and negativity as you experience the depictions of such ‘internal’ battles and much more depicted on Kom Ombo Temple’s impressive columns, walls and massive reliefs. This unusually designed dual temple in Aswan was primarily constructed during the Ptolemaic Dynasty, and it resembles the layouts of the Temples of Edfu and Dendera.
Exploring the Dual Nature of Kom Ombo Temple
Kom Ombo Temple was built in honor of two major Neteru and their associated triads: Horus the Elder and Sobek. The northern side of the temple is dedicated to Horus the Elder (Heroeris) along with Tasenetnofret—a transitioned form Hathor—and Panebtawy (Lord of Two Lands). It is purveyed that the Temple of Horus as a falcon god is thought to be representative of the Higher Self.
However, the southern end of Kom Ombo is dedicated to Sobek—the crocodile god and a creator—along with Hathor and Khonsu. It is perceived that Sobek as a ground-based god represents the lower self. The temple’s primary chambers are identical along the main axis point, with a double entrance, twin courts and colennades, two inner sanctuaries and two hypostyle halls said to reflect the duality of Kom Ombo. Many ancient wisdom keepers suggest that their were also dual sets of priests, each dedicated to their respective gods.
Interesting Sights at Kom Ombo
Even though much of the site was destroyed by the tests of time, earthquakes, the Nile River, Copts who took over the space, and builders who used the temple for ‘parts’ for other projects, there are still countless wonders to take in at Kom Ombo today. Many of the splendors of Sobek’s Temple and the southern portion were cleared and restored in 1893 by Jacques de Morgan.
However, both of the primary temples and passageways are filled with displays of each god fighting their battles, serving their duties as forces of nature, and ruling over the kingdom. There is much evidence that crocodiles were worshipped at Kom Ombo, including an empty pond area and of course, the hundreds of croc mummies discovered there. Several are on display in the Crocodile Museum onsite and amid glass galleries inside the Chapel of Hathor.
There is also a circular well in the northern area appropriately called a Nilometer, as the ancients utilized to measure the Nile’s water levels. It is also believed that a wall amid the temple depicts surgical instruments—some of which resemble ones still used today. In 2018, a sandstone sphinx statue was discovered within Kom Ombo Temple. The statue, measuring approximately 28 cm wide and 38 tall, which is estimated to date to the Ptolemaic Dynasty.
Join us on a Sacred Egyptian Tour to experience the incredible healing power that comes with a greater understanding of duality at this awe-striking ancient site.